Agon – Competition
Agora – Designated part of the city where merchants could sell wares and civic announcements were made.
Anassa – Queen
Anax – King/Emperor/Tribal Leader
Auloi – Double-reed flute
Axine – Battle axe
Carneia – Festival in Sparta held in honor of Apollo
Chiton – A single rectangle of woolen or linen fabric that is either wrapped or tied around the body.
Chlamys – A short cloak that was draped over the tops of one’s arms and pinned at the right shoulder. Most commonly worn by men.
Chthonic – In, under, or beneath the Earth
Dory – A three-meter-long spear used by the infantry of Spartan soldiers. Commonly made with wood, it often had an iron spearhead, and a bronze butt-spike.
Ephor – An elected Spartan politician
Gymnasion – The gymnastic school in which Grecians practiced a number of physical activities and trained. Mostly found in Sparta.
Helot – Subjugated population ruled by Spartans. Sometimes slaves, though often they worked in Spartan agriculture.
Himation – A heavier, much larger cloak than the chlamys. Worn by both sexes. Could be used as both a cloak, or in the absence of a chiton, wrapped around the body and over shoulders.
Hyacinthia – Three-day festival in Sparta celebrating Spartan heroes, particularly in war.
Kakos – Coward
Kalyptra – A thin headdress worn as a veil.
Kepos – Cultivated bit of land between houses, much like a garden or yard. Often sacred to the household.
Kerykeion – A Caduceus/staff
Kline – Greek couch, much like a lounge chair.
Koprophage – Greek insult. A person who eats dung.
Kosmetikos – Greek make-up/cosmetics
Kothornoi/kothornos – High-laced sandal/boot with thick soles that often went as high as the knee.
Kottabos – Greek drinking game.
Lectica – A raised litter held up by servants for travel. Commonly used by Greek nobles
Mana Mou – Term of endearment for a mother-figure; “My Mother”
Meander (The) – Also known as the “Greek Key.” A pattern typically found among frescoes, jewelry, or along the hemlines of clothes worn by royalty.
Mesogeios – Mediterranean Sea
Mothakes – Social class of people in Greece; “Non-Spartan.” Not allowed many of the same civil rights as Full-Spartans, but still allowed many liberties.
Naus – Ship
Ochre – Powder make-up for the eyelids and cheeks
Oikos – Ancient Greek household
Oxybelés – Catapult
Paian – Battle song
Paidonomos – The headmaster of Spartan military training
Pantheon – Domed, circular temple
Peplos – a full-length dress that hangs loosely around the shoulders and is tied loosely around the waist.
Petteia – Game similar to checkers, chess and backgammon.\
Rhomphaia – Falchion
Salphinx – Trumpet
Suagroi – Person with a romantic attachment to pigs
Symmachos – Ally
Vrykolakas – Undead being – often equated with vampire